Python functions - Exercises, Practice, Solution

Python functions [21 exercises with solution]

[An editor is available at the bottom of the page to write and execute the scripts.]

1. Write a Python function to find the Max of three numbers. Go to the editor
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2. Write a Python function to sum all the numbers in a list. Go to the editor
Sample List : (8, 2, 3, 0, 7)
Expected Output : 20
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3. Write a Python function to multiply all the numbers in a list. Go to the editor
Sample List : (8, 2, 3, -1, 7)
Expected Output : -336
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4. Write a Python program to reverse a string. Go to the editor
Sample String : "1234abcd"
Expected Output : "dcba4321"
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5. Write a Python function to calculate the factorial of a number (a non-negative integer). The function accepts the number as an argument. Go to the editor
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6. Write a Python function to check whether a number falls in a given range. Go to the editor
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7. Write a Python function that accepts a string and calculate the number of upper case letters and lower case letters. Go to the editor
Sample String : 'The quick Brow Fox'
Expected Output :
No. of Upper case characters : 3
No. of Lower case Characters : 12
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8. Write a Python function that takes a list and returns a new list with unique elements of the first list. Go to the editor
Sample List : [1,2,3,3,3,3,4,5]
Unique List : [1, 2, 3, 4, 5]
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9. Write a Python function that takes a number as a parameter and check the number is prime or not. Go to the editor
Note : A prime number (or a prime) is a natural number greater than 1 and that has no positive divisors other than 1 and itself.
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10. Write a Python program to print the even numbers from a given list. Go to the editor
Sample List : [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9]
Expected Result
: [2, 4, 6, 8]
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11. Write a Python function to check whether a number is perfect or not. Go to the editor
According to Wikipedia : In number theory, a perfect number is a positive integer that is equal to the sum of its proper positive divisors, that is, the sum of its positive divisors excluding the number itself (also known as its aliquot sum). Equivalently, a perfect number is a number that is half the sum of all of its positive divisors (including itself).
Example : The first perfect number is 6, because 1, 2, and 3 are its proper positive divisors, and 1 + 2 + 3 = 6. Equivalently, the number 6 is equal to half the sum of all its positive divisors: ( 1 + 2 + 3 + 6 ) / 2 = 6. The next perfect number is 28 = 1 + 2 + 4 + 7 + 14. This is followed by the perfect numbers 496 and 8128.
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12. Write a Python function that checks whether a passed string is palindrome or not. Go to the editor
Note: A palindrome is a word, phrase, or sequence that reads the same backward as forward, e.g., madam or nurses run.
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13. Write a Python function that prints out the first n rows of Pascal's triangle. Go to the editor
Note : Pascal's triangle is an arithmetic and geometric figure first imagined by Blaise Pascal.

Sample Pascal's triangle :

Each number is the two numbers above it added together Go to the editor
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14. Write a Python function to check whether a string is a pangram or not. Go to the editor
Note : Pangrams are words or sentences containing every letter of the alphabet at least once.
For example : "The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog"
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15. Write a Python program that accepts a hyphen-separated sequence of words as input and prints the words in a hyphen-separated sequence after sorting them alphabetically. Go to the editor
Sample Items : green-red-yellow-black-white
Expected Result
: black-green-red-white-yellow
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16. Write a Python function to create and print a list where the values are square of numbers between 1 and 30 (both included). Go to the editor
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17. Write a Python program to make a chain of function decorators (bold, italic, underline etc.) in Python. Go to the editor
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18. Write a Python program to execute a string containing Python code. Go to the editor
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19. Write a Python program to access a function inside a function. Go to the editor
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20. Write a Python program to detect the number of local variables declared in a function. Go to the editor
Sample Output:
3
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21. Write a Python program that invoke a given function after specific milliseconds. Go to the editor
Sample Output:
Square root after specific miliseconds:
4.0
10.0
158.42979517754858
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Python Code Editor:

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Python: Tips of the Day

Simplify the way you collapse nested lists:

```x = [
[1, 2, 3],
[4, 5, 6],
[7, 8, 9]
]
x
```

Output:

```[[1, 2, 3], [4, 5, 6], [7, 8, 9]]
```
```result = []
for sublist in x:
for item in sublist:
result.append(item)
result
```

Output:

```[1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9]
```
`[item for sublist in x for item in sublist]`

Output:

```[1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9]
```
```import itertools
itertools.chain(*x)
```

Output:

```<itertools.chain at 0x1dd5fb60320>
```
`list(itertools.chain(*x))`

Output:

```[1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9]
```