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JavaScript: Escape a HTML string

JavaScript String: Exercise-19 with Solution

Write a JavaScript function to escape a HTML string.

Test Data:
console.log(escape_HTML('<a href="javascript-string-exercise-17.php" target="_blank">'));
Output:

<a href="javascript-string-exercise-17.php" target="_blank">

Sample Solution:-

HTML Code:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
  <meta charset="utf-8">
  <title>Write a JavaScript function to escape a HTML string.</title>
</head>
<body>

</body>
</html>

JavaScript Code:

function escape_HTML(html_str) {
    'use strict';

    return html_str.replace(/[&<>"]/g, function (tag) {
		var chars_to_replace = {
            '&': '&',
            '<': '<',
            '>': '>',
            '"': '"'
        };

		return chars_to_replace[tag] || tag;
	});
}

console.log(escape_HTML('&lt;a href=&quot;javascript-string-exercise-17.php&quot; target=&quot;_blank&quot;&gt;'));


Sample Output:

<a href="javascript-string-exercise-17.php" target="_blank">

Flowchart:

Flowchart: JavaScript- Escape a HTML string

Live Demo:

See the Pen JavaScript Escape a HTML string - string-ex-19 by w3resource (@w3resource) on CodePen.


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Next: Write a JavaScript function that can pad (left, right) a string to get to a determined length.

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JavaScript: Tips of the Day

Tagged template literals

function getPersonInfo(one, two, three) {
  console.log(one);
  console.log(two);
  console.log(three);
}

const person = 'Lydia';
const age = 21;

getPersonInfo`${person} is ${age} years old`;

If you use tagged template literals, the value of the first argument is always an array of the string values. The remaining arguments get the values of the passed expressions!

Ref: https://bit.ly/323Y0P6